The Deputy Commissioner is overall in-charge of the general administration in the district. He is under the administrative control of Commissioner, Ambala Division, Ambala. In fact, the state government authorities descends through the Divisional Commissioner to the Deputy Commissioner. The Deputy Commissioner has to perform triple functions, as he is at once the Deputy Commissioner, the District Magistrate and the Collector.
As Deputy Commissioner, he is the executive head of the district with multifarious responsibilities. There is hardly any aspect of district administration with which he is not concerned in one way or the other. He has a special role to play in the Panchayati Raj. In addition to keeping an eye on the working of Panchayti Raj institutions, he guides the Panchayats , Panchayat Samitis, municipalities, market committies and improvement trusts and helps them to overcome difficulties and problems.
As District Magistrate, he is responsible for the maintenance of law and order in the district. He is the principal executive magistrate for the enforcement of the security measures and exercises judicial powers under certain sections of the preventive chapters of the code of criminal procedure. Two Sub-Divisional Officers (civil) and Tehsildars and Naib-Tehsildars assist him in the work. The Superintendent of police who heads the police force in the district assists the District Magistrate to maintain law and order.
As Collector, he is the chief officer of the revenue administration in the district and is responsible for collection of revenue and all dues recoverable as arrears of land revenue. He is the highest revenue judicial authority in the district. The Sub-Divisional Officers , Tehsildars, Naib-Tehsildars, Kanungos and Patwaris assist him in the revenue work.
The Sub-Divisional Officer is the chief civil officer of the sub-division. In fact, he is a miniature Deputy Commissioner of the sub-division. He is competent to correspond direct with the government and other departments on routine matters. He has to perform executive, magisterial and revenue duties. His executive duties pertain to the maintenance of law an order, development, local bodies, motor taxation, passport, issue and renewal of arms licenses, Sub-divisional establishment, etc. As Sub-Divisional Magistrate, he enforces security measures for the maintenance of Law and Order and exercises judicial powers under certain sections of the preventive chapters of the code of Criminal Procedure. An appeal from the orders of the Sub-Divisional Magistrate in such cases lies with the District and Sessions Judge. In the revenue matters he is Assistant collector Grade I. but under certain Acts, the powers of collector have been delegated to him.
The Tehsildar and Naib-Tehsildar are the key officers in the revenue administration and exercise powers of the Assistant Collector Grade II While deciding partition cases, the Tehsildar assumes powers of Assistant Collector Grade I. The Tehsildar and Naib-Tehsildar perform the functions of Sub-Registrar There main task being revenue collection and supervision, the Tehsildar and the Naib-Tehsildar have to tour extensively in their areas. They are principally responsible for the duties, they assist the development staff in their various activities in the execution of development staff in their various activities in the execution of the development plans, construction of roads, drains, embankments, soil conservation and reclamation, pavement of streets, filling of depressions and work connected with rural reconstruction.
The police administration in the district is under the Superintendent of police, who, next to the Deputy Commissioner is responsible for the maintenance of law and order. He is assisted by Deputy Superintendent . The Superintendent of police functions under the administrative control of the Inspector General of Police, Ambala Range, Ambala.
The organization of civil and criminal justice in the district is headed by the District and Sessions Judge . The District & Session Judge is assisted by 5 Additional District & Session Judges. One Senior Sub-Judge ,1 Chief Judicial Magistrate ,2 Additional Senior Sub Judges and 5 Sub Judges help the District and Sessions Judge in the administration of civil and criminal justice in the district.